Notes 5 June 2017

Goals of the Paris climate agreement (wikipedia)


The aim of the convention is described in Article 2, “enhancing the implementation” of the UNFCCC through:[8]

“(a) Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change;
(b) Increasing the ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development, in a manner that does not threaten food production;
(c) Making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.”

Countries furthermore aim to reach “global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible”. The agreement has been described as an incentive for and driver of fossil fuel divestment.[9][10]

The Paris deal is the world’s first comprehensive climate agreement.[11]

The sixth extinction (Wikipedia, Atlantic review).

Why do extinction rates vary so widely?  (Yale University) (The Extinction)

Most ecologists believe that we are in the midst of the sixth mass extinction. Humanity’s impact on nature, they say, is now comparable to the five previous catastrophic events over the past 600 million years, during which up to 95 percent of the planet’s species disappeared. We may very well be. But recent studies have cited extinction rates that are extremely fuzzy and vary wildly.

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, which involved more than a thousand experts, estimated an extinction rate that was later calculated at up to 8,700 species a year, or 24 a day. More recently, scientists at the U.N. Convention on Biological Diversity concluded that: “Every day, up to 150 species are lost.” That could be as much as 10 percent a decade.

Bjorn Lomborg: Copenhagen Consensus (website) (Wikipedia)

OpEd on Paris Accord (

Judith Curry (Wikipedia Page; blog)

Solar vs Coal

Sea Level Rise in Bangladesh

Carbon Emissions by country (Wikipedia)

China emissions (Climate Action Tracker)

Have Chinese emissions really peaked?

Population Growth by Country (Wikipedia) (Wikipedia, current rates) (World Bank)

Grameen Bank (website) (Wikipedia).

Large American company discriminating in favor of women.

  1. Increase sourcing from women-owned businesses.Over the next five years, the company will source $20 billion from women-owned businesses in the U.S. and double sourcing from women suppliers internationally.
  2. Empower women on farms and in factories through training, market access and career opportunities. New programs will help 60,000 women working in factories that supply products to [the company] and other retailers develop the skills they need to become more active decision-makers in their jobs and for their families. The initiative will also help women farm workers participate more fully in the agriculture supply chain.
  3. Empower women through job training and education.Successful retail training programs will be scaled to help 200,000 women internationally. In the U.S., [the company] will help 200,000 women from low-income households gain job skills and access higher education.
  4. Increase gender diversity among major suppliers. The company will work with major professional service firms and merchandise suppliers with over $1 billion in sales to increase women and minority representation on [the company] accounts.
  5. Make significant philanthropic giving toward women’s economic empowerment. The company will support these programs with more than $100 million in grants that drive progress against key goals. Funding will come from the [the company] Foundation and donations directly from [The company’s] international businesses.

Want to guess who it is? (Site)


Notes 22 May 2017


Price graph

MicroCredit in the US  Aspen institute overview (Wikipedia)

Data on Microenterprise Development Organizations

Green American finance network (website)Non-Compete Agreements

Non-Compete Agreements

Survey of non-compete laws in the US


Yes. Trade secrets; confidential information; goodwill. No broader than necessary to protect the employer’s legitimate business interest; reasonable as to time, space, and interests to be protected; no undue hardship to the employee.

No, except maybe as to trade No, except maybe as to trade secrets.secrets.

Zuckerberg owns 29% of Facebook (23%)

Current Market Cap 429B





Notes 15 May 2017

Will Republicans keep the house? The average loss of the president’s party in the House has been 23 seats.

More nuanced from 538 “Donald Trump is unpopular enough that Republicans could lose the House, but there’s a lot of uncertainty.”

What the GOP gamble on healthcare means for the midterms

How Trump Could Rearrange the U.S. House

Doctors control the number of doctors in America (Mother Jones)

Synthroid vs generic medication

Why is healthcare so expensive in the US

From PBS: why does healthcare cost so much

In all of Ontario there are 11 hospitals that can do open heart surgery. Pennsylvania has roughly the population of Ontario and it has a bit over 60 hospitals that can do open heart surgery. So there’s no way you can operate on as many people in Ontario as you can in Pennsylvania even if you operated around the clock.

Office of Inspector General report on replacement schedule for CPAP supplies Bottom line: OIG did a study that says Medicare allows too-frequent replacement; Medicare says “no thanks.”

Is it Ethical for Doctors to give Placebos

Heart Surgery in India $1,500 vs $106,000 in the US

Costs of bypass surgery around the world:

MD LIve  $49.00 or less per visit

  • Acne
  • Allergies
  • Constipation
  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Ear problems
  • Fever
  • Flu
  • Headache
  • Insect bites
  • Nausea / vomiting
  • Pink eye
  • Rash
  • Respiratory problems
  • Sore throats
  • Urinary problems / UTI
  • Vaginitis
  • and more



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